80286 Motherboards

Most 80286-based motherboards were around before any standardisation of socketed CPUs came about. This page looks into some of these old 286 boards. The 80286 introduced us to the concept of protected memory areas (each application running in its own area of memory), and effectively doubled or tripled the performance of the average PC.

 

Compumate SA286

This motherboard is from the Compumate SA286. It has a 10 MHz 80286 CPU as well as an 80287 math coprocessor.

Onboard memory is 640 KB.

It has a six-chip Suntac chipset.

 

DCS 80286

This board is one I have. It runs an Intel 80286 at 10 MHz and has the NEAT chipset from Chips & Technologies.

As you can see, this is another board that has suffered corrosion as a result of the coin cell leaking battery acid over time. The board has since been cleaned and still functions.

It has six 16-bit ISA expansion slots and two 8-bit slots. For more information, head over to my full review of this motherboard.

 

DTK PTM-1030

This board is from a DTK 286 computer. It has a five-chip VLSI chipset and runs a Siemens-branded 80286 at 10 MHz.

This one also has an installed 80287-8 math coprocessor.

Memory onboard is 1 MB of DRAM chips.

 

 

DTK Technology Tech-1234

This board from Datatech Enterprises Co. (aka DTK) follows the design of the IBM PC-AT, with five 16-bit ISA expansion slots and three 8-bit. It supports an Intel 80286 running at 12 MHz.

The DTK Tech-1234 was one of the first motherboards to use a "chipset" (a means of combining a lot of chips into far fewer to simplify board design and be more cost-effective to manufacture). This board uses the NEAT chipset from Chips & Technologies.

According to the manual, it can support up to 5 MB of main memory. The BIOS is stored in two ROMs at locations U14 (high) and U15 (low). These are 32 KB each.

User Manual

ELT-286

This is suprisingly compact, with a very dense layout, primarily due to the five-chip C&T chipset, which is an 82C201.

Memory is provided via the four banks of DRAM sockets and this is not expandable without an ISA RAM card.

It has a socketed 80286-10 CPU.

Epson Andro

This board is from an Epson Andro PC. With it you see the Epson ADR-RM3 daughterboard that appears to have the ROM BIOS and main memory.

It has an Intel 80286-12 CPU and three 16-bit and three 8-bit ISA slots.

Epson Anta

This board is from an Epson AX PC. With it you see the Epson ANT-RM daughterboard that appears to have the ROM BIOS and main memory.

The main motherboard appears to be separatable from the expansion slots and is joined via a pinned socket. I'm not sure what the purpose of this is (having them separate), since the main P8/P9 power connectors are on the expansion slot side, so one is useless without the other.

Headland HT12

Headland produced their own motherboards for a while, but were more famous for their motherboard chipsets. This Baby AT board uses the Headland HT12 chipset, which with its EMS driver can provide an EMS interface in addition to conventional, XMS and Int15 extended memory all at the same time!

This board has a 286 socket which is great, currently populated with a Harris 80286-16.

The User manual for another HT12 board very similar to this is here.

 

 

Headland HT12

Another 286 motherboard that uses the Headland HT12 chipset (see above). This one has an interesting design with its 4 SIMM slots to the far left of the board.

This one has a Siemens-branded 80286 running at 16 MHz soldered-in.

 

 

 

 

Headland HT12

Yet another Baby AT 286 motherboard that uses the Headland HT12 chipset (see above).

This one has a Harris 80286 CPU running at 20 MHz soldered-in, so a nice fast 286. It also has 1 MB of RAM installed in its four 30-pin SIMM slots. Presumably it supports 4 MB SIMMs for a maximum capacity of 16 MB.

It has a Phoenix BIOS Plus v3.10.01, dated 1989.

Kentech KT-0286 v3

This 286 board has a 3-chip chipset from Texas Instruments. It has a socketed 80286-10 CPU, 4 banks of SIPP slots for memory, and for expansion it offers four 16-bit ISA slots and two 8-bit slots.

The keyboard controller is an NEC-branded 8042.

The BIOS is the 286 Modular BIOS v3.04 from Award Software.

 

 

 

Magitronic P233

This Baby AT 286 board uses the popular Suntac 62 chipset. Designed for the 80286-12 CPU, it supports zero wait states and up to 16 MB of RAM via 2 banks of socketed DRAM chips. For expanded memory support, use the SEMS.SYS driver - this works on all Suntac 62 chipset 286 boards. The board will work with a wide variety of BIOSs including AWARD, Pheonix, AMI and ERSO.

The DIP switches are as follows:

SW1=CPU speed select high/low, SW2=Monitor type (colour/mono), SW3=Parity enabled/disabled, SW4=EMS port address (0E8h/098h), SW5=BIOS type select (27128/27256).

The jumpers are as follows:

JP5=wait state selection (closed=0 waits, open=1 wait)
JP6=reset switch
JP7=turbo switch
JP8=turbo LED
JP9=turbo select control (1&2 closed=keyboard-controlled, 2&3 closed=controlled by SW1)
JP10=speaker
JP20=power LED and keylock

User Manual
ROMs (high and low)

A very similar board is here, which supports a maximum of 4 MB RAM via its SIPP slots:

 

 

MicroSys PA286

This Baby AT 286 board uses a chipset I cannot identify - SA1, or PE168AK. It has 1 MB of socketed DRAM chips but also supports more via its four 30-pin SIMM slots offering 2 banks. A socketed AMD 80286-16 CPU and for expansion it offers five 16-bit ISA slots and one 8-bit slot.

The AMI BIOS is dated 1990.

If the SA1 chipset supports faster clock speeds than 16 MHz, my guess is the rest of the board would handle it too. Overall, a very tidy modern 286 motherboard.

More Images

 

Morse KP 286

This 286 board uses a Suntac 6-chip chipset. It has an soldered-in Intel 80286-12 CPU, 1.5 MB of DRAM ICs for memory, and for expansion it offers six 16-bit ISA slots and two 8-bit slots.

The chipset chips are ST62C001, ST62C002, ST62C003, ST62C004 and ST62C005.

The board also appears to have a socketed Intel 80287 math coprocessor installed.

 

 

Schneider Euro AT

Schneider built and resold home computers and PCs for Amstrad UK. This board is from the Euro AT which was their third foray into the PC business.

It uses a Headland Technology chipset (I've also seen these with a G2 chipset so perhaps they shared technology?) and comes with a Siemens-branded 12 MHz 80286 CPU. On the back you can see the external ports, which from the top are: Floppy disk drive, printer port, monitor, and serial port.

 

 

 

Tandon TM7000

This board manufactured by OKI is from a Tandon TM7000 PC, released in 1989.

It has an Intel 80286-8 CPU and 1 MB of RAM which is not expandable.

 

 

 

Unique UA-1116

This 1992 286 board is very compact, made by the company Unique with model number UA-1116.

It has a Headland Technologies HT12/A single-chip chipset, an AMI BIOS dated 1990, and has four SIPP sockets for memory expansion but also comes with DRAM sockets.

The CPU is a soldered-in Siemens-branded 80286-16.

 

 

Unknown 286 (C&T chipset)

This 286 board is unidentified. It has a single-chip chipset from Chips & Technologies, an AMI BIOS dated 1989 and AMI keyboard controller, and has four 80ns SIPP sockets for memory.

It has a socketed Intel 80286-12.

 

 

BioStar 286 (VLSI chipset)

This 286 board from 1990 uses the VLSI 82C2xx chipset, which is able to run on 20 MHz systems. Sadly it doesn't come with any SIMM slots, so you're forced to try to find DRAM chips to expand the memory, and for a 20 MHz system you ideally need the fastest ones (60ns) or 70ns to avoid lots of wait states.

This one has an AMD-branded 802L86-16.

More images: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Victor 2951-2

This very old 286 board has discrete ICs (no chipset here). It has a socketed Siemens-branded 80286 CPU, 512 KB of DRAM ICs for memory, and for expansion it offers four 16-bit ISA slots and two 8-bit slots.

The BIOS appears to be from Kyocera.
The realtime clock chip is a Motorola MC146818P.

The silkscreen has NEC-141 etched onto it.